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Shoulder : Separated Shoulder or Acromioclavicular Separation
on 2007/5/2 15:30:00 (2200 reads)

An “AC Separation” is commonly the result of a fall on the end of the shoulder. It results in pain, swelling, and often deformity in which it appears that the collar bone is “sticking up.”

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Shoulder : Labral Tears
on 2007/5/2 15:30:00 (974 reads)

The labrum is a cartilage ring that surrounds the shoulder socket (called the glenoid) and makes it deeper. In the above picture, it is numbered "5" - the thin blue ring around the glenoid. Since the socket is deepened by the labrum, the ball of the arm bone (called the head of the humerus) has a better fit into it. Labrum or labral tears are usually associated with trauma, instability of the shoulder, or repetitive throwing as with a baseball player.

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Shoulder : Rotator Cuff Tears
on 2007/5/2 15:22:42 (772 reads)

Rotator cuff tears happen in younger people when they experience a trauma such as a fall. In middle-aged people and seniors, rotator cuff tears are usually the result of a gradual wearing out of the rotator cuff tendon(s). The signs and symptoms of rotator cuff tears are pain in the shoulder often radiating down to the middle of the arm especially when the arm is raised overhead, weakness, and in severe cases, a complete loss of the ability to lift the arm. Diagnostic tests sometimes include an arthrogram (a radio-opaque dye is injected into the shoulder, and if it leaks out of the rotator cuff, it can be viewed on x-ray) or an ultrasound, but an M.R.I. of the rotator cuff is the most common test used for diagnosis.

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Shoulder : Shoulder Tendonitis and Impingement
on 2007/5/2 15:21:48 (752 reads)

Tendonitis is an inflammation of the shoulder tendons. The signs of inflammation are pain, warmth, redness, tenderness to touch, and loss of function. Shoulder tendonitis (often called Rotator Cuff Tendonitis) can occur when the rotator cuff is overloaded, fatigued, traumatized, and with age-related degenerative changes. Pinching or impingement of the rotator cuff tendons occurs in a region under a bony structure called the acromion (the projection of the shoulder blade that forms the tip of the shoulder). Impingement happens when the arm is raised overhead repeatedly, or raised overhead with a heavy load in your hand, or may occur when you sleep on your shoulder. X-rays may show a hook or spur that increases the odds that you will pinch the rotator cuff tendons.

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Shoulder : Reoccurring Dislocations
on 2007/5/2 15:20:00 (630 reads)

For those patients with reoccurring dislocations or instability, treatment is to modify or avoid the known activities, rehabilitate the shoulder with a physical therapist, and if theses are not successful, consider stabilizing surgical procedures

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Shoulder : Posterior Dislocation
on 2007/5/2 15:20:00 (608 reads)

Dislocations in which the arm moves backward out of the socket (called a posterior dislocation) are uncommon (4%). Posterior subluxation is being recognized more frequently in athletes involved in sports such as tennis and baseball.

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Shoulder : Multidirectional Instability Signs and Symptoms
on 2007/5/2 15:20:00 (814 reads)

Signs of ligamentous laxity are present. Pain and weakness are present in the shoulder that subluxes (partially moves out of joint) forward, backward, or downward. A positive “sulcus sign” is present on examination by a medical professional.

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Shoulder : Shoulder Instability
on 2007/5/2 15:00:00 (1724 reads)

Shoulder instability occurs when the shoulder moves completely out of its socket (dislocation) and requires a medical professional to “relocate it”, or to a lesser degree, when it slips out of joint but spontaneously move back in place (subluxation). Usually, the shoulder dislocates or subluxes forward (this is called an anterior dislocation). Much less often, it dislocates backward (posterior dislocation), and sometimes, it can slip out forward, backward, or downward (this is called multidirectional instability). Remember, you may have an “unstable” shoulder that has not completely dislocated.

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Shoulder : Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)
on 2007/5/2 15:00:00 (741 reads)

Adhesive Capsulitis, or a frozen shoulder, is a poorly understood condition in which the deepest layers of soft tissue, called the joint capsule, become diseased. Shoulder range of motion becomes very limited and painful. The cause of a frozen shoulder is still not known but minor traumas, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, psychiatric patients, post-surgical patients, and prolonged immobilization of the shoulder may in someway cause this condition. The disease is characterized as having freezing, frozen, and thawing stages, and is self-limiting (in time it goes away on its own). However, it can take two years or more to recover from this condition.

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